National Parks and World Heritage Sites

Archaeology proves the whole ‘world’ started in Africa

Many people have a misconception that Africa has no history, however, studies into history and archaeological records has proven that Africa has more rich and great history.

Actually, in fact it has also been proved that all mankind originated from the continent.

The human race is of African origin. The oldest known skeletal remains of anatomically modern humans (or Homo sapiens) were excavated at various sites in East Africa, mostly in Tanzania and Kenya.

Dating more than 4 million years, the hominid footprints found in the Laetoli area within the Ngorongoro District in Northern Tanzania are the world’s oldest real ancient humans’ stamp immortalized onto caked volcanic mud.

Human remains were discovered at Omo in Ethiopia that were dated at 195,000 years old, the oldest known in the world.

Skeletons of pre-humans have been found in Africa that date back between 4 and 5 million years. The oldest known ancestral type of humanity is thought to have been the Australopithecus Ramidus, who lived at least 4.4 million years ago.

Africans were the first to organise fishing expeditions 90,000 years ago. At Katanga, a region in north-eastern Zaïre (now Congo), was recovered a finely wrought series of harpoon points, all elaborately polished and barbed.

Also uncovered on the site was a tool, equally well crafted; the tool is believed to be a dagger.

The discoveries suggested the existence of an early aquatic or fishing based culture.

Africans were the first to engage in mining 43,000 years ago. In 1964 a hematite mine was found in Swaziland at Bomvu Ridge in the Ngwenya mountain range.

Ultimately 300,000 artefacts were recovered including thousands of stone-made mining tools. Adrian Boshier, one of the archaeologists on the site, dated the mine to a staggering 43,200 years old.

Africans pioneered basic arithmetic 25,000 years ago.

The Ishango bone is a tool handle with notches carved into it found in the Ishango region of Zaïre (now called Congo) near Lake Edward.

The bone tool was originally thought to have been over 8,000 years old, but a more sensitive recent dating has given dates of 25,000 years old. On the tool are three rows of notches.

The first row shows three notches carved next to six, four carved next to eight, ten carved next to two fives and finally a set of seven.