Geoparks Africa
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The Geology of Africa and outstanding land features on the Continent

Africa is a continent that sits on several tectonic plates, at least four of them.

The continent is placed on top of the African tectonic Plate, the Arabian Plate, and parts of the Eurasian Plate.

These plates have been in motion for millions of years, shaping the continent’s diverse landscapes and geological features.

One significant geological event in Africa’s history is the formation of the East African Rift System.

This rift system is a result of tectonic forces pulling the African Plate apart, leading to the creation of a series of rift valleys, lakes, and volcanic activities on the continent.

This apparently is an ongoing process that is slowly splitting the African continent into two separate landmasses.

Actually observers believe Africa is in the verge of carving into two continents in the near future. Kenya, Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi Zambia and Ethiopia may become part of this new landmass.

Additionally, Africa is home to some of the oldest rocks on Earth, with parts of the continent containing rocks that are over three (3) billion years old.

These ancient rocks provide valuable insights into the early geological history of the entire planet.

While Africa’s geological history remains fascinating to researchers and scholars, it is important to note that all the continents have undergone significant geological changes over billions of years.

Each of the seven continents on the globe has its own unique geological features and history shaped by plate tectonics.

Thick tropical forests, the world’s tallest free-standing mountain, Kilimanjaro and the longest river, Nile are some of the outstanding geological features on the continent.

When it comes to size, Africa is the world’s second largest continent after Asia.

Covering around 30.3 million square kilometers, including adjacent islands, Africa accounts for about 20 percent of the earth’s land area and 6 percent of its total surface area.

Africa is bounded by the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, the Atlantic Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.

Some of the large islands mapped within the African Continent include Cape Verde, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, and the Comoros, while Zanzibar is also a significant archipelago.

And as far as the number of residents is concerned, Africa is also the second-most populous continent after Asia.

Africa is home to nearly 1.5 billion people residing in its 55 countries, with the continent accounting for over 18 percent of the world’s human population.